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open access eISSN 2093-3673

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Review Article

Anat Cell Biol 2023; 56(4): 415-420

Published online December 31, 2023


Copyright © Korean Association of ANATOMISTS.

Anatomical variations of the tibial nerve and their clinical correlation

Anita Soraya Soetoko1 , Dina Fatmawati2

1Departement of Anatomy, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Islam Sultan Agung, Semarang, 2Departement of Biology, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Islam Sultan Agung, Semarang, Indonesia

Correspondence to:Anita Soraya Soetoko
Departement of Anatomy, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Islam Sultan Agung, Semarang 50112, Indonesia
E-mail: anitassoetoko@unissula.ac.id

Received: March 7, 2023; Revised: June 7, 2023; Accepted: June 30, 2023

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


The tibial nerve is a branch of the sciatic nerve, which innervates the legs and feet. Anatomical variations of this nerve at the ankle are commonly found. The variation of the tibial nerve in its branching point and cross-sectional area (CSA) at the ankle is commonly related to clinical condition such as foot neuropathy. Knowledge of these variations can support the clinician in making appropriate clinical decisions. This review aims at providing knowledge on the anatomical variations of tibial nerve at ankle, as well as its clinical correlation. This review outlined the variation of the terminal branching point and CSA of the tibial nerve at the ankle in cadaveric and clinical studies.

Keywords: Tibial nerve, Anatomy, Polyneuropathies

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