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open access eISSN 2093-3673

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Case Report

Anat Cell Biol 2023; 56(1): 141-144

Published online March 31, 2023


Copyright © Korean Association of ANATOMISTS.

Multiple renal veins clogging the hilum of the right kidney

Satheesha B Nayak1 , Narendra Pamidi2 , Vasanthakumar Packirisamy3,4 , Soumya Kodimajalu Vasudeva5

1Division of Anatomy, Department of Basic Medical Sciences, Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Manipal, Karnataka, India, 2Jeffrey Cheah School of Medicine and Health Sciences, Monash University Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, 3College of Applied Medical Sciences, King Saud Bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences, Al Ahsa, 4King Abdullah International Medical Research Centre, Al Ahsa, Saudi Arabia, 5Department of Mathematics, Manipal Institute of Technology, Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Manipal, Karnataka, India

Correspondence to:Soumya Kodimajalu Vasudeva
Department of Mathematics, Manipal Institute of Technology, Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Manipal, Karnataka 576104, India
E-mail: soumya.kv@manipal.edu

Received: May 31, 2022; Revised: July 6, 2022; Accepted: July 25, 2022

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Knowledge of variations of renal vessels is of utmost importance in retroperitoneal surgeries and kidney transplant surgeries. We report concurrent variations of the right renal vessels, observed in an adult male cadaver during dissection classes. The right kidney was supplied by three renal arteries, out of which two entered the kidney through the hilum and the other one entered through the lower pole of the kidney. There were five renal veins, emerging independently from the hilum and opening separately through five openings into the inferior vena cava. Among the veins, only one emerged anterior to the renal pelvis and the other four emerged behind it. Four of them terminated into the posterolateral aspect of the inferior vena cava, whereas one terminated into its anterior aspect. Fourth vein from above, received the right testicular vein. The renal hilum was clogged with the presence of seven vessels and renal pelvis.

Keywords: Renal vein, Renal artery, Abdomen, Inferior vena cava, Acute renal injuries

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