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Original Article

Anat Cell Biol 2022; 55(2): 170-178

Published online June 30, 2022


Copyright © Korean Association of ANATOMISTS.

Stature estimation using the sternum in a Thai population

Verapat Jeamamornrat1 , Tawachai Monum1 , Waratchaya Keereewan2 , Pasuk Mahakkanukrauh3,4

1Department of Forensic Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai, 2Master of Science Program in Forensic Science, Graduate School, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai, 3Department of Anatomy, Faculty of Medicine, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai, 4Osteology Research and Training Center, Faculty of Medicine, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai, Thailand

Correspondence to:Tawachai Monum
Department of Forensic Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai 50200, Thailand
E-mail: tawachai.m@cmu.ac.th

Received: February 27, 2022; Revised: April 9, 2022; Accepted: April 12, 2022

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Stature estimation is an important process of biological profile analysis for the identification of skeletal remains. In forensic practice, non-long bones might be needed for estimating stature, in case long bones were not recovered or well preserved. This study developed the stature estimation model from dry sterna in a Thai population. The combined length of manubrium and mesosternum (CMM) was the best single stature estimation indicator for males and combined sex samples, whereas the sternal area (SA) was the best stature estimation indicator for females in our study. The best multiple regression analysis models of our study were stature equal 122.685+0.182 (CMM)+0.592 (intercostal length between the third and fourth ribs [ICL34]) with a standard error of estimation (SEE) of 6.134 cm for males, stature equal 130.676+0.005 (SA) with SEE of 5.370 cm for females, and stature equal 79.412+0.342 (CMM)+0.506 (corpus sterni width at first sternebra [CSWS1])+0.794 (ICL34) with SEE of 6.222 cm for unknown sex samples. The results indicated that a sternum can be used for estimating the stature of skeletal remains in a Thai population. However, these models might not be suitable for other populations, especially, in case the suspected stature is over the stature range in our study.

Keywords: Forensic anthropology, Stature estimation, Sternum, Thai population

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