Anat Cell Biol 2021; 54(4): 441-447
Published online December 31, 2021
Copyright © Korean Association of ANATOMISTS.
1Department of Ophthalmology, Mongolian National University of Medical Sciences, Ulaanbaatar, 2Department of Anatomy, Mongolian National University of Medical Sciences, Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia
Correspondence to:Bayasgalan Purevdorj
Department of Ophthalmology, Mongolian National University of Medical Sciences, Ulaanbaatar 14210, Mongolia
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
To study the affect of anatomical variance of lacrimal sac fossa on dacryocystorhinostomies (DCR) performed by the traditional external (EX-DCR) approach or an endoscopic (EN-DCR) endonasal approach. A total of 292 consecutive cases with primary nasolacrimal obstruction underwent DCR surgery. Orbital computed tomography scan was used to measure lacrimal sac fossa and other related structures and Lac-Q questionnaire was used to compare surgery result. Maxillary portion of lacrimal sac fossa is thicker in failed surgery group than successful surgery group (P<0.05). Lateral nasal structures (uncinate process, operculum of the middle turbinate, agger nasi) are dominantly adjusting to lacrimal sac fossa in failed surgery group (P<0.05). Patients who underwent EX-DCR has a 6.0-point and EN-DCR group 11.0-point improvement (P<0.016) in Lac-Q questionnaire. Patients who have a thick frontal process of the maxilla and uncinate process, operculum of the middle turbinate, ethmoid cells adjusting to lacrimal fossa are prone to have recurrence of nasolacrimal duct obstruction after DCR surgery. The EN-DCR and the EX-DCR approach have an equivalent surgical success rate but improvement in quality of life by using the Lac-Q questionnaire is greater in the endoscopic group when compared with the external.
Keywords: Lacrimal sac fossa, Nasolacrimal duct obstruction, Endoscopic dacryocystorhinostomy, External dacryocystorhinostomy