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Anat Cell Biol

Published online July 10, 2020


Copyright © Korean Association of ANATOMISTS.

Incidence of hypoplastic posterior communicating artery and fetal posterior cerebral artery in Andhra population of India: a retrospective 3-Tesla magnetic resonance angiographic study

Sharmila P Bhanu1 , Suneetha Pentyala2 , Devi K Sankar1

1Department of of Anatomy, Narayana Medical College, Nellore, Andhra Pradesh, 2Department of of Radiology, Narayana Medical College & General Hospital, Nellore, Andhra Pradesh, India

Correspondence to:Devi K Sankar
Department of of Anatomy, Narayana Medical College, Chinthareddypalem, Nellore, Andhra Pradesh 524003, India
E-mail: lesanshar@gmail.com

Received: March 20, 2020; Revised: May 16, 2020; Accepted: May 21, 2020

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


The posterior communicating arteries (PCoA) are important component of collateral circulation between the anterior and posterior part of circle of Willis (CW). The hypoplasia or aplasia of PCoA will reflect on prognosis of the neurological diseases. Precise studies of the incidence of hypoplastic PCoA in Andhra Pradesh population of India are hitherto unreported, since the present study was undertaken. Two hundred and thirty one magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) images were analyzed to identify the hypoplasia of PCoA and presence of fetal type of posterior cerebral artery (f-PCA) in patients with different neurological symptoms. All the patients underwent 3.0T MRI exposure. The results were statistically analysed. A total of 63 (27.3%) PCoA hypoplasia and 13 cases with f-PCA (5.6%) cases were identified. The hypoplastic PCoA was noted more in males than females (P<0.05) and right side hypoplasia was common than the left (P<0.04); bilateral hypoplasia of PCoA was seen in 37 cases out of 63 and is significant. The hypoplastic cases of the present study also were associated with variations of anterior cerebral arteries and one case was having vertebral artery hypoplasia. Incidence of PCoA as unilateral or bilateral with other associated anomalies of CW is more prone to develop stroke, migraine and cognitive dysfunction. Knowledge of these variations in the PCoA plays a pivotal role in diagnoses of neurological disorders and in neurovascular surgeries and angiographic point of view.

Keywords: Posterior communicating artery, Hypoplastic, Posterior cerebral artery, Circle of Willis, Cerebral artery

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