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pISSN 2093-3665 eISSN 2093-3673
Table. 3.

Mean of tibial nerve CSA

Author Country Group (n) Mean (range) age (yr) Modality Mean±SD CSA (mm2) Reference range of CSA
Singh et al. 2022 [24] India 200 >18 (18–50) US 5–18 MHz 11.1±1.1 NR
Warchoł et al. 2021 [30] Poland

60a)

21b)

NR

NR

Cadaveric dissection

15.25±4.65

13.71±5.66

11.77–17.29

9.5–16.15

Bedewi et al. 2018 [25] Asian 138 38.33 (20–73) US L18–5 MHz 12.7±4.5 2–30
Seok et al. 2014 [11] Korea 94 43.9 (20–69) US 5–12-MHz 12.1±3.1 8.5–22.8c)
Boehm et al. 2014 [26] Caucasian 56 51.8e) dan 48.5f) US 15 and 12 MHz 9.6±2.2 NR
Kerasnoudis et al. 2013 [27] Germany 75 53.46 US-18 MHz 6.36±1.45 3.46–9.26
Tagliafico et al. 2012 [28] Italy 58 47 (18–81) US 17–5-MHz 9.6±4d) NR
Cartwright et al. 2008 [29] Caucasian 60 45.9 (21–80) US 15-MHz 13.7±4.3 5.1–22.3

CSA, cross-sectional area at the tarsal tunnel; US, ultrasonography; NR, not reported; L, linear transducer. a)Lower limb fresh cadaver; b)lower limbs fresh frozen cadaver. c)7-cm proximal malleolus medial. d)Standard error measurement. e)Germans, f)Hungarians.

Anat Cell Biol 2023;56:415~420 https://doi.org/10.5115/acb.23.065
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