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Guide For Authors

Manuscripts for submission to Anatomy & Cell Biology (Anat Cell Biol, ACB) should be prepared according to the following instructions. For issues not addressed in these instructions, the author is referred to the "Recommendations for the Conduct, Reporting, Editing, and Publication of Scholarly Work in Medical Journals" (http://www.icmje.org/).

ETHICS REGULATIONS

The journal adheres to the ethical guidelines for research and publication described in
Good Publication Practice Guidelines for Medical Journals (http://kamje.or.kr/publishing_ethics.html) and
Guidelines on Good Publication (http://publicationethics.org/static/1999/1999pdf13.pdf).
1. Authorship and Contributorship

To be listed as an author one should have contributed substantially to all four categories established by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE): 1) substantial contributions to the conception or design of the work; or the acquisition, analysis, or interpretation of data for the work; 2) drafting the work or revising it critically for important intellectual content; 3) final approval of the version to be published; and 4) agreement to be accountable for all aspects of the work in ensuring that questions related to the accuracy or integrity of any part of the work are appropriately investigated and resolved. Authors should meet conditions of 1, 2, 3, and 4. The ICMJE further states that acquisition of funding, the collection of data, or general supervision of the research group, by themselves, do not justify authorship. Individuals who have contributed substantially to some but not all of the four categories, or in other areas, should be listed in the Acknowledgments. The ACB recommends that authors submit a short description of all contributions to their manuscript. Each author's contribution should be described in brief, to appear immediately before the references.

2. Conflict of Interest

A conflict of interest may exist when an author (the author's institution or employer) has financial or personal relationships or affiliations that could bias the author's decisions of the manuscript. Authors are expected to provide detailed information about all relevant financial interests and relationships or financial conflicts, particularly those present at the time the research was conducted and through publication, as well as other financial interests (such as patent applications in preparation), that represent potential future financial gain. All disclosures of any potential conflicts of interest, including specific financial interests and relationships and affiliations (other than those affiliations listed in the title page of the manuscript) relevant to the subject of their manuscript will be disclosed by the corresponding author on behalf of each co-author, if any, as part of the submission process. Likewise, authors without conflicts of interest will be requested to state so as part of the submission process. If authors are uncertain about what constitutes relevant financial interests or relationships, they should contact the editorial office.

3. Animal and Human Subjects

Clinical research should be performed in accordance with the Ethical Principles for Medical Research Involving Human Subjects, outlined in the Declaration of Helsinki of 1975 (revised 2013; https://www.wma.net/policies-post/wma-declaration-of-helsinki-ethical-principles-for-medical-research-involving-human-subjects/). Clinical studies that do not comply with it will not be considered for publication. For human subjects, personal information such as patients' names, individual registration numbers, dates of birth, or other private matters should not be disclosed. In cases of animal experiments, it should be stated clearly that the processes complied with regulations of the authors' institution(s) or national research committee related to breeding and using laboratory animals or the NIH Guide for the Care and Use of Laboratory Animals. Copies of the protocol approved by Institutional Review board (IRB) or Animal Ethics Committee (AEC) should be available for review if necessary.
ACB condemns unethical treatment of subjects in laboratory research, both human and animal. The report of any research involving human beings or experimental subjects must be conducted in accordance with the local or national requirements approved by their Institutional Review Board or Animal Research Committee. Manuscripts that do not comply with acceptable standards for the humane treatment of vertebrate animals will not be considered for publication.

4. Originality and Duplicate Publication

All submitted manuscripts should be original and should not be considered by other scientific journals for publication at the same time. Any part of the accepted manuscript should not be duplicated in any other scientific journal without the permission of the Editorial Board. If duplicate publication related to the papers of this journal is detected, the authors will be announced in the journal and their institutes will be informed, and there also will be penalties for the authors.

5. Plagiarism

Authors must obtain permission to reproduce any copyright material, and include an acknowledgement of the source in their articles. Authors should be aware that the unreferenced use of the published and unpublished ideas, writing, or illustrations of others, from whatever source (including research grant applications), or submission of a complete paper under 'new' authorship in the same or a different language, constitutes plagiarism.

6. Research and Publication Ethics

When the Journal faces suspected cases of research and publication misconduct, the Editor-in-Chief asks the Ethical Review Board (ERB) of KAA to investigate the cases. Detailed rules and procedures for the resolution will follow 'the research and publication rules'. The discussion and final decision on the suspected cases are done by the Editorial Board, based on the investigation reports from the Ethical Review Board (ERB).

MANUSCRIPT PREPARATION

1. Review Articles

Review articles shall be limited to invited review articles, selected by the Editorial Board as addressing a significant theme from areas relevant to cell biology based on anatomy and whose authors were selected and referred on the basis of articles published in this or other journals. The submitted manuscripts will be decided for publication after peer review with the supervision of the journal's Editorial Board. The length of the manuscript should not exceed 3,500 words excluding cover letter, tables, figures, and references. The reference list should not exceed 100. However, if necessary, the length of the manuscript, number of figures, tables, and references can be added in accordance with the decision of the editorial committee.

2. Original Articles

The sections of the manuscript for original articles should be organized in the following order: 1) title page, 2) abstract and keywords, 3) introduction, 4) materials and methods, 5) results, 6) discussion, 7) acknowledgements (if necessary), 8) references, 9) tables, 10) figures, and 11) figure legends.
The manuscript, in English, must be in double-spaced typing on pages of A4 size (21 × 29 cm; leaving margins of 2 cm on the left, right, top, and bottom). Use 12 point Times New Roman style font. All manuscript pages are to be numbered consecutively, beginning with the abstract as page 1.

Title Page
The title page should be the first page of the manuscript and should include:

• - "Title of paper:"
• - "Full name of author(s):"
• - "Running title:" not to exceed 45 letters including spaces
• - "Institutional affiliation:" The name of the department should be included for each author. If there are

several authors with different affiliations, the author's institute should be expressed as superscripts (like 1, 2, 3, etc.) next to the name of the relevant author and then the name of the affiliation in order.
- Correspondence to: The corresponding author's name and institutional affiliation including the name of the department, complete postal address, telephone and fax numbers, and e-mail address should be included.

Abstract and Keywords
The abstract should be a brief description of the manuscript, not exceeding 250 words. Abbreviations and reference citations should be avoided. A list of keywords, with a maximum of five terms in English, should be included at the end of the abstract. The selection of keywords should be based on those of the Medical Subject Heading (MeSH) of Index Medicus, and each keyword should begin with a capital letter.

Introduction
The introduction should address the purpose of the study briefly and concisely, and should report only on background information related to the purpose of the study

Materials and Method
The design, subjects, and methods should be described in order. Authors should provide the name and location (city and state/country) of the source for specified chemicals, equipment, and non-generic drugs. Explanation of the experimental methods should be sufficient for replication by other researchers, though methods that have been reported in detail elsewhere may be described briefly by citation of references. However, new methods or modifications of previously published methods should be described sufficiently for other researchers to understand. The methods of statistical verification on the results should be clarified.
Ensure correct use of the terms sex (when reporting biological factors) and gender (identity, psychosocial or cultural factors), and, unless inappropriate, report the sex and/or gender of study participants, the sex of animals or cells, and describe the methods used to determine sex and gender. If the study was done involving an exclusive population, for example in only one sex, authors should justify why, except in obvious cases (e.g., prostate cancer). Authors should define how they determined race or ethnicity and justify their relevance.

Results
The authors should describe clearly and logically their significant findings of observations or results corresponding to the purpose of the study, following the order in the methods. The authors should avoid overlapping descriptions between the figures or tables and the main text, describing important results only.

Discussion
Important or new findings from the results of the study should be emphasized and the consequent conclusions described, while repetition of the contents in the introduction and the results should be avoided. The significance and limitations of the study, and comparisons with the results of the other related studies should be addressed. Conclusions should be also be drawn in the discussion section. The conclusions should include a comprehensive description of the authors' rationale and supporting evidence from the results and discussion sections and should correspond to the purpose of the study mentioned in the introduction. A simple summary or list of the results should be avoided.

Acknowledgements
When necessary, acknowledgements shall be provided for those who contributed to the study in some way that would be insufficient to be considered authors. The acknowledgements should express appreciation for the concrete roles of the contributors in the study (e.g., data collection, statistical processing, and experimental analysis) and the authors should notify these individuals that their names will be included in the acknowledgements for their consent in advance.
Funding information must appear under the Acknowledgments heading.

References
Abbreviations for the literature shall be based on the NLM Catalog: Journals Referenced in the NCBI Database
(http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/nlmcatalog/journals). The reference works are provided within [ ] according to the order of the citations in the text. Journal references should follow the examples below. For more examples, "Citing Medicine: the NLM Style Guide for Authors, Editors, and Publishers" (http://www.nlm.nih.gov/citingmedicine) should be consulted.
Journal article

Cho JM, Shin YJ, Park JM, Kim J, Lee MY. Characterization of nestin expression in astrocytes in the rat hippocampal CA1 region following transient forebrain ischemia. Anat Cell Biol 2013;46:131-40.

Sawamoto K, Wichterle H, Gonzalez-Perez O, Cholfin JA, Yamada M, Spassky N, Murcia NS, Garcia-Verdugo JM, Marin O, Rubenstein JL, Tessier-Lavigne M, Okano H, Alvarez-Buylla A. New neurons follow the flow of cerebrospinal fluid in the adult brain. Science 2006;311:629-32.

Lipke E, Ramirez MJ, Michalik P. Ultrastructure of spermatozoa of orsolobidae (Haplogynae, Araneae) with implications on the evolution of sperm transfer forms in Dysderoidea. J Morphol 2014 Jun 3 [Epub]. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jmor.20298.
Book

Alberts B, Bray D, Hopkin K, Johnson A, Lewis J, Raff M, Roberts K, Walter P. Essential cell biology. 3rd ed. New York: Garland Science; 2009.
Book chapter

Swaim WD. Overview of confocal microscopy. In: Oliver C, Jamur MC, editors. Immunocytochemical Methods and Protocols. 3rd ed. New York: Humana Press; 2010. p.187-201.
Website

National Cancer Institute. Cancer genome anatomy project [Internet]. Bethesda, MD: National Cancer Institute; c2011 [cited 2011 Mar 20]. Available from: http://cgap.nci.nih.gov/.

Tables
Tables should be double-spaced on separate pages and included at the end of the text document, with the table number and title indicated. Tables should be created in MS Word using the "Insert Table" command tabs and/or spaces should not be used to create tables, columns, or rows. Tables with internal divisions (Table 1A and B) should be submitted as individual tables, i.e., Tables 1 and 2. Symbols for units should be confined to column headings. Abbreviations should be kept to a minimum and defined in the table legend. Symbols should be marked with lowercase alphabet letters in the order of their usage (a), b), c), etc.). If tables are taken from other sources, this should be noted in the legend, and the author must be able to provide written permission for reproduction obtained from the original publisher and author.

Figures
ACB uses digital publishing methods throughout the journal production process. If your article is accepted, it will be published both in the printed journal and online. The following sections provide information on how to format your figures to ensure the best possible reproduction of your images. Please note that file formats other than JPEG or TIFF will be automatically rejected by the online submission website.
Digital specifications for authors that are able and prefer to convert digital figures themselves: please use applications capable of creating high-resolution TIFF files. All images should be at least 600 dpi. Color images should be created in RGB color format.
It is strongly recommended that authors converting their own digital files also send the original source files to the ACB Editorial office electronically (sunpark@inha.ac.kr) in the event that the converted files are not acceptable for publication for any reason. Unacceptable files include those of poor quality due to improper conversion and/or incorrect resolution (dpi) and/or the use of too many software applications in the creation of the file.
All digital images in manuscripts accepted for publication will be scrutinized by our production department for any indication of improper manipulation. Questions raised by the production department will be referred to the Editors, who will request the original data from the authors for comparison to the prepared figures. If the original data cannot be produced, the acceptance of the manuscript may be revoked. Cases of deliberate misrepresentation of data will result in revocation of acceptance, and will be reported to the corresponding author's home institution or funding agency.
Uploading digital images and figures: Figures are to be uploaded individually as separate files and should be included at the end of the main text document.

Journal information

March, 2022, Vol.55 No 1
pISSN 2093-3665
eISSN 2093-3673

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